Textile Fibers and it's Classification

Fiber

Fiber is a unit matter with a specific width, length, diameter such that the length component is several times the transverse component.

(or)

Fiber is a unit matter which can be drawn, twisted, and spun into yarn.




Specifications of fibers:

  1. Fiber count (or) Linear density

  2. Length

  3. Maturity ratio (in case of natural fibers)

  4. Type of Cross-section

  5. Color

  6. Moisture content

Classification of Textile Fibers



Examples of Each category of Fibers:

Secretion Fibers

  1. Silk

Hair Fibers

  1. Alpaca

  2. Angora (Rabbit)

  3. Beaver

  4. Camel

  5. Cashmere

  6. Fox

  7. Guanaco

  8. Hare/Jackrabbit

  9. Llama Wool

  10. Mohair

  11. Nutria

  12. Oppossum

  13. Raccon


Bast Fiber

  1. Jute

  2. Flax

  3. Hemp

  4. Ramie

  5. Kenaf

  6. Roselle

  7. Mesta

  8. Lotus

  9. Banana

Leaf Fiber

  1. Sisal

  2. Palf (pineapple)

  3. Abaca

  4. Henequen

  5. Agave

  6. Raphia

Seed Fiber

  1. Cotton

  2. Kapok

  3. Loofah

  4. Milk weed

Fruit Fiber

  1. Coir

  2. Oil Palm

  3. Betel nut

Wood Fiber

  1. Soft Wood

  2. Hard Wood

Stalk Fiber

  1. Rice

  2. Wheat

  3. Barley

  4. Maize

  5. Oat

  6. Rye

Grass Fiber (or) Reed Fiber

  1. Bamboo

  2. Bagasse

  3. Corn

  4. Sabai

  5. Rape

  6. Esparto

  7. Canary

Refactory Fiber

  1. Carbon

  2. Glass

  3. Ceramic

  4. Metal fibers

Regenerated Cellulosic Fibers

  1. Viscose and Rayon

Regenerated Protein Fibers

  1. Anzol

Cellulosic Ester Fibers

  1. Acetate fibers

Polyurethane Fibers

  1. Spandex (or) Lycra (or) Elastane

Polyamide Fibers

  1. Nylon-6

  2. Nylon-6,6

Polyester Fibers

  1. Polyester

Polyvinyl-Derivative Fibers

  1. PVA

  2. PVC

Synthetic Rubber Fibers

  1. Buna-S

  2. Buna-N



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