Knitting terminology

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Open Loop:

The open-loop is one in which the loop forming yarns doesn’t cross at the bottom of the loop.



Closed-loop:

In a closed-loop, the legs of the loop cross so that the loop closing takes place.

Face loop:

During loop formation when the new loop emerges through the old loop from back to face side it is called a face loop or weft knit loop.



Back loop:

If the new loop passes from the face side to the backside of old loop it is called as back loop or weft purl loop.


Technical face:

The side of the knitted fabric that consists of all the face or knitted loops is called the technical face of the fabric.



Technical back:

The side of the knitted fabric having full of the back or purl loop is called a needle loop. Normally the reverse side of the technical face is the technical back.

Needle Loop:

The upper part of the loop produced by the needle drawing the yarn is called a needle loop.


Sinker loop:

The lower part of the knitted loop is technically referred to as the sinker loop. It is the connection of two legs belonging to the neighboring stitches laying laterally.



Course:

The series of loops that are connected horizontally and continuously is called courses.

Wale:

The series of loops that intermeshes vertically is known as Wales.




Stitch density:

It is the number of stitches per unit area of a knitted fabric. It determines the area of the fabric.

Single jersey (plain jersey):

Weft knitted fabrics produced with one set of needles (both in tubular or flat form) are called single jersey (or) plain knitted fabrics.

Double jersey:

Weft knitted fabrics with two sets of needles mounted in two-needle beds are called double jersey or double knitted fabrics.

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