History and Applications of Viscose Rayon
Viscose rayon is a synthetic regenerated cellulosic fiber made of wood pulp. It is the first viable manufactured fiber. It is also known as Artificial Silk.
History of Viscose Rayon:
In the year 1664, an English naturalist Robert Hooke gave a theory about artificial silk filaments that can be spun from cellulose / wood pulp, which is similar to silk produced from silkworms.
In the year 1885 a French scientist George Audemars was successfully extracted viscose rayon. But this process is not economically viable.
In the year 1889 a scientist named Hilaire de Bemiguad produced first commercial synthetic fiber later he took patent as “chardonnay silk” but this is not also economically viable.
In the year 1891 two English chemist Charles Frederick Cross and Edward John Bevan discovered “Viscose Process”.
In the year 1892 C.F. Cross and E.J. Bevan filed a British patent no. 8700 with title “Improvements in Dissolving Cellulose and Allied Compounds” for Viscose that became the basis for the Viscose and Rayon industries.
In the year 1893 Duo formed the “Viscose Syndicate” to grant licenses for “Viscose Process”.
In the year 1905 Courtaulds Ltd. USA produced the first economically Viable “Artificial Silk”.
Applications of Viscose Rayon:
Embroidery thread, Chenille, Cord, Novelty yarns.
Suiting, Lace, Crepe, Gabardine, Outerwear Fabrics and lining for Fur coats & Outerwear.
Dresses, Saris, Jackets, Blouses, Linings, Lingerie, Hats, Slacks, Active Wear, Ties.
Sheets, Curtains, Blankets, Bedspreads, Table Cloths, Upholstery, Slipcovers.
Aerospace applications, Agricultural applications, Braided Cord, Nonwoven disposable products, and reinforcement to rubber products.
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