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History, Characteristics, and Applications of Nonwoven

Updated: Jan 8, 2021


Non woven fabrics are fibrous structure produced by interlocking or bonding of fibers by mechanical, thermal or chemical means.

In this technology, fabrics can be produced by variety of processes and in an easy way other than weaving and knitting.


According to Batra and Pourdeyhimi, the nonwoven industry was truly began in 1920’s to 1930’s. But the industrial manufacturing in commercial quantities was started in 1942 and the first disposable diaper using nonwoven fabric in 1947 by George schroder.

In early stages nonwoven fabrics are used for limited applications. But now nonwoven plays a very important role in technical textiles and has wide range of applications. Currently, about 50000 tons per year non woven fabric is produced In India.

  • Characteristics of non woven:

  • Air permeability

  • Water permeability

  • Water absorption

  • Sound absorption

  • Shock absorption

  • Moisture absorption

  • Heat insulative

  • Dust collective

  • Water reservative

  • Oil reservative

  • Decorative

  • Shading

  • Polishing ability

  • 3D stability

  • Filtration

  • UV block

  • Impregnable etc...

End uses of Nonwoven:

  • Agro Textiles Applications:

    • Crop Covers.

    • Root Bags.

    • Weed Control Fabrics.

    • Containers.

  • Automotive Applications:

    • Floor Covers.

    • Transmission oil filters.

    • Foam Reinforcements.

    • Wheel House covers.

    • Seat Applications.

    • Dash Insulators.

    • Side, Front, and Back Liners.

    • Door Trim Panel Padding.

  • Geo-Textiles Applications:

    • Dam and Stream embankments.

    • Soil Stabilization.

    • Road and Rail road Beds.

    • Sedimentation and Erosion Control.

  • Health Care Applications:

    • Surgical Caps, Gowns, Masks.

    • Bandages, Tapes, Dippers.

    • Bed Linen, Under Pads.

    • Filters for IV solution and Blood.

    • Orthopedic Padding.

  • Construction Applications:

    • Acoustic Celling's.

    • Insulation.

    • House and Pipe Warp.

    • Roofing and Tile underlayment.

  • Industrial and Military Applications:

    • Air conditioning Filters.

    • Flame Barriers.

    • Conveyor Belts.

    • Protective Clothing.

    • Lab coats.

    • Lubricating pads.

  • Clothing Applications:

    • Interlinings.

    • Clothing and Glove Insulation.

    • Shoe and Hand bag Components.

    • Bra and Shoulder Padding.

  • Home Furnishing Applications:

    • Quilt, Carpet Backing.

    • Dust Covers.

    • Bedding and Construction Sheeting.

    • Pillows, Pillow Cases.

    • Furniture Construction Sheeting.

    • Acoustic Wall Coverings.

  • Household Applications:

    • Dust Cloths, Mops.

    • Washcloths, Tablecloths.

    • Napkins.

    • Tea and Coffee Bags.

    • Wipes.

    • Aprons, Ironing board Pads.

  • Leisure, Travel, School Applications:

    • Sleeping Bags.

    • Tarpaulins, Tents.

    • Cosmetic Applications and removers.

    • Vacuum cleaner bags.

    • Buff Pads.

    • Book covers.

    • Mailing envelops, Labels.

    • Pen nib, Maps, Pennants.

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